IL CAPOVOLGIMENTO DELLE LOGICHE

Il “capo” dei 5S  (si fa per dire: ancora in gestazione dopo mesi di palude) ha dichiarato che vuole portare il non-partito di nuovo al rango di “primo partito”.

Dalle prime mosse sembra che la strategia per ottenere questo risultato sia quella di fare il partito “di governo e di opposizione”. Ovvero piantare grane al governo con irragionevoli ricattuali demagogiche proposte finalizzate ad accontentare la base del movimento di puerili incompetenti.

In una logica politica corretta i voti si guadagnano governando bene approvando leggi utili e indispensabili ma non sempre gradite alla linea demagogica populista: esattamente l’opposto del progetto dell’avvocato che arriva dopo mesi di contorsioni a una ipotetica leadership della banda di bambocci arroganti incapaci di progetto e di visione e affascinati solo dalla demagogia più criminale.

Tempi duri per la ragione.

Sarà da vedere se i mesi di sciagura del governo Lega-5S dominato dalla stupidità e dall’arroganza avranno insegnato qualcosa agli elettori italiani.

Sarà anche da vedere se Mario Draghi aka whateverittakes consentirà agli sfasciati 5S lo spazio per le loro demagogiche esercitazioni e quanti voti perderanno per farle.

Salvini ha capito che con Draghi non c’è molto spazio per fare il doppio gioco e sta tentando un’altra strada: assorbire Berlusconi per bloccare la marcia trionfale di Meloni e andare al governo con un partitone di “destra italiana”.  

Una mossa con molte incertezze: 

  1. quanto resta di Forza Italia dopo che Salvini la risucchia? Forse un 3%.
  2.  Quanto perde la Lega di Leghisti in fuga da Meloni perchè non tollerano il pacchetto con Berlusca? Forse il 6-8%.
  3. Quanto guadagna il PD da quelli che non l’hanno mai votato ma non vogliono un governo Salvini 2.

lorenzo matteoli

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PER USCIRE DALLA PALUDE

Material demografico

Come ho scritto nel mio pensierino del 22 maggio 2022 sicuramente le posizioni di Salvini sono sempre assistite da sondaggi finalizzati a verificare la loro efficacia in termini di “consenso” e di consistenza con la “immagine” di “capitano” e “leader” politico che Salvini vuole dare di sé.

Così deve essere stato per la sua posizione sui migranti, sulla droga, sul termovalorizzatore romano, sull’Euro, sulla guerra in Ukraina, su Trump, su Putin, su Savoini e  la patacca del Metropol.

Salvini è sempre calibrato sulla linea della demagogia più laida, oltre ogni limite di pudore. 

Ma sarebbe sciocco non associare  

  • il disgusto per la volgarità oscena provocato dalle bavose leccate di crocifissi e rosari, 
  • o la tristezza per la connivente adiacenza alla marginalità dei picchiatori fascisti 
  • la volgarità degli insulti maschilisti a Carola Rakete
  • l’ammirazione per Trump, 
  • e la complicità con Putin, 

all’obbiettivo riconoscimento della loro efficacia in termini di consenso e di voti da parte del “materiale demografico” per il quale questi gesti sono sistematicamente esibiti.

Non avremo mai i risultati numerici dei sondaggi e non sapremo mai come sono state formulate le domande, ma possiamo facilmente evincere dal contesto e dai comportamenti conseguenti di Salvini,  quanto basta per ricostruire un quadro deprimente del livello  culturale dell’attuale elettorato italiano.

La ricostruzione del profilo politico culturale del popolo di Salvini  è però necessaria per capire la sua genesi storica (e le responsabilità conseguenti) e per studiare una possibile strategia di risposta.

Età: l’età non è statisticamente discriminante, il popolo di Salvini è distribuito equamente su tutte le età,  dai giovanissimi ai +70. Forse qualche punta statistica  nei +60, +70 motivata dal razzismo latente.

Educazione: l’ignoranza è la caratteristica dominante, anche se diplomati o laureati i salvinidi sono “ignoranti”.  Però presuntuosi: convinti di sapere di economia perché sono anti-euro, convinti di sapere di Europa perché sono anti Bruxelles, convinti di sapere di politica perché sono anti Draghi. Interrogati per conoscere le loro motivazioni non sono in genere capaci di articolare nulla di sensato e ripetono luoghi comuni assolutamente pacchiani e puerili.Pre-culturali.

Reddito e status sociale: basso. Molti disoccupati o semi-occupati, operai, impiegati, casalinghe.

Motivazione: dominante l’insofferenza per la classe dirigente in genere e politica in particolare, “tutti ladri”. I 49 milioni scippati dalla Lega di Salvini vengono ignorati o negati. Molti subliminalmente fascisti “ci vuole uno che comanda”. Non confessati maschilisti (anche le donne). Non confessati razzisti: “se i migranti non andassero nei barconi non affogherebbero.”

Disponibilità all’ascolto: zero. Convinti possessori della verità “comunque”.

Provenienza storica: estrema sinistra, estrema destra, qualunquismo generico, centro abulico-qualunquista-populista.

Corollario
Il profilo di questo “materiale demografico”  è deprimente ed è il risultato di 50 anni di democrazia corrotta italiana, la consociazione DC/PCI massima responsabile, insieme alla Televisione (privata e di stato) e, in quota meno importante, ai giornali.

Strategie
L’azione di rieducazione deve partire da un approfondimento conoscitivo del “profilo” sopra grossolanamente descritto.
Vanno individuate in modo preciso le fasce di età, la cultura specifica, lo status sociale  e di reddito, le motivazioni…. Tutto il complesso sistema sociologico. Ogni settore deve essere oggetto di messaggio specifico, specificamente argomentato ed espresso nel linguaggio più adatto e attraverso i media più adatti. Non esiste una formula unica generale.
Questa azione è urgente, ma dovrà essere anche calibrata su tempi lunghi specie per le fasce più giovani del “materiale demografico”.

Sul lungo termine
Sul lungo termine si dovrà istituire una “patente” per acquisire il diritto al voto: solo una base elettorale correttamente formata ed educata può garantire la democrazia attraverso la competente selezione elettorale di rappresentanti qualificati.
Il suffragio universale, purtroppo, è lo strumento che ha portato all’attuale sfacelo dei sistemi democratici nel mondo. Il peggio deve ancora venire.

Ci vorrà molto tempo perché questa banale, fondamentale verità venga recepita dall’opinione pubblica. Esprimerla oggi non è senza rischio.

lorenzo matteoli

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LA CONDANNA STORICA DELL’ITALIA

IL CAPOO ILLUMINATO

Ci si chiede quale sia il calcolo, perché per  Salvini di calcolo sicuramente si tratta, che lo spinge ad appoggiare Putin oltre il limite della decenza e del buon gusto, ma anche oltre il limite del comune buon senso. Dimenticando la ratio “politica” che, nel caso particolare, è lontana come l’Ave Maria dalle bestemmie.

Berlusconi è un caso a parte: una appiccicosa vicenda penosa e patetica di solidarietà con il compagno di merende sessuali che solo l’età avanzata del consunto Caimano può, a fatica, spiegare. La lucidità degli anni migliori si è decisamente spenta, offuscata dal “pelo”.

L’aggressione di Putin all’Ukraina  è stata un gesto orrendo di un soggetto chiaramente male informato dai suoi servizi di intelligence e male informato dal suo personale fanatismo Ruskji Mir.  Volgarmente animato dall’avidità per le note ricche risorse petro-minerali-cerealicole dell’Ukraina.

Non la reazione alle tensioni, per quanto pesanti,  fra governo Ukraino  e minoranze etniche russe: un problema vero che poteva e doveva essere risolto in sede negoziale e per il quale la guerra e i  massacri in corso sono macroscopicamente “fuori misura”.

Ma Salvini? Quale debito lo incastra con Putin? Quale sondaggio di opinione sulle squallide pianure padane indica plausibili maggioranze di leghisti-putinisti? Quanti Petrocelliani ci sono in Italia oltre al tv-prof. Orsini per giustificare  il rischio di una gaffe clamorosa? 

Salvini può avere milioni di followers, ma sappiamo che come fiuto politico oltre alla più laida demagogia antimigranti (e le leccate di rosari) non ne ha mai azzeccate molte.

Basta ricordare la figura di merda del Papeete e quella ancora più umiliante del suo recente viaggio in Polonia dove il giovane sindaco lo ha lasciato sul marciapiede con la maglietta di Putin a vantarsi di aver portato i pannolini e i pannoloni per i poverelli che fuggivano dalle truppe criminali russe.

Salvini usa in modo sistematico  i sondaggi di opinione e bisogna riconoscere che alcuni gli vanno anche bene.

Con i sondaggi ha individuato puntualmente la moltitudine di italiani illuminati che ritengono brillante la strategia di affogare migliaia di disgraziati in fuga dalle miserie  africane nel Canale di Sicilia, e l’enorme successo nell’individuare un’altra riserva di voti nelle moltitudini di bigottoni e bigottone rincoglioniti cattolici entusiasti ammiratori delle sue bavose leccate di crocifissi e rosari.

Facili e azzeccate previsioni, conoscendo il livello di competenza politica del deserto culturale nell’elettorato italiano: uno che lecca il rosario e sostiene l’opportunità di affogare disgraziati in fuga è il nostro uomo. Meglio ancora se approva la guerra criminale di Putin.

Di questo passo, leccate di rosari e migranti affogati, tette e culi al Papeete, appoggio all’esercito criminale di Putin  Salvini andrà al  governo con le prossime elezioni del 2023.

Ma non è la prima volta per questo disgraziato paese: cento anni fa, nel 1922 andò al governo, democraticamente eletto dagli italiani, e ci rimase venti anni uno che avrebbe approvato l’invasione della Polonia di Hitler  e che imitò letteralmente la sua politica di genocidio degli Ebrei e dei Rom. Una grande vergogna italiana della quale si parla pochissimo.

La Storia purtroppo tende a ripetersi …

lorenzo matteoli

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“VEDERE” E’ SEMPRE IL RISULTATO DI DOVE SEI E DI DOVE TI COLLOCHI PER “GUARDARE”

È una banalità, ma svolgere le implicazioni e lo “svolgimento” delle sue implicazioni può essere interessante.

Ognuno “guarda” dal suo punto di vista, dalla sua “storia”, dalla sua “competenza” e vede quello che questa condizione gli consente di vedere. Spesso ritiene che questo sia sufficiente e non si preoccupa di altro.

La prima cosa che sarebbe opportuno fare è sapere qualcosa di più sulla propria “storia”. Ricordare quali condizioni subìte o felicemente vissute possono avere lasciato tracce o memorie, piacevoli, sgradevoli, utili o meno, che oggi, quando “guardiamo,” ci fanno “vedere”. Oppure ci impediscono di vedere,  oppure suggeriscono una specifica interpretazione/comprensione di quello che vediamo. Memorie lontane nel tempo, condizioni subliminali, traumi rimossi.  Oppure esperienze recenti, attuali, dirette, indirette. 

Come è utile per noi sapere da dove si guarda per vedere, così è utile sapere “da dove” gli altri guardano per capire cosa vedono e comunicare attraverso quel filtro, contro quel filtro o per mezzo di quel filtro.

Ho scritto dove ci si colloca per guardare, ma ho anche scritto che la “storia” di ognuno detta le condizioni di quella “collocazione”: non siamo completamente liberi di “collocarci” come e dove vogliamo per guardare. La nostra “storia” detta in modo non eludibile molte delle condizioni del nostro punto di vista, se non le più importanti. Sembrerebbe un lemma determinista, ma non lo è. Determinismo è la storia che detta e prefigura il futuro, ma la storia che condiziona la nostra capacità critica non prefigura e non determina il futuro: forma e informa il nostro cervello, produce le categorie che, sulla base della nostra esperienza e vita passata, inducono la nostra valutazione del presente. Ci comportiamo secondo il dettato della nostra cultura, il “senso di vivere in un luogo in un momento[1]. Una condizione ineludibile e del tutto naturale.

Da questo ovvio assunto derivano alcune interessanti conseguenze. Per esempio non possiamo condannare chi applica determinate categorie di giudizio e valutazione, dopo una vita passata nei corridoi del potere e delle segreterie dei partiti, nell’arroganza del pregiudizio razzista, nello squallore della demagogia populista, nella convinzione che quell’arroganza “paga” in termini di potere e controllo sugli altri, che quel pregiudizio “paga” in termini di consenso di una base popolare disinformata e incapace di informarsi o soggetta, indifesa, all’informazione drogata. 

Perché quel soggetto non ha alternative, è condannato dalla sua “cultura”, dalla sua esperienza di vita a quel comportamento. È quasi impossibile per un soggetto del genere sfuggire alla condanna, anzi la condizione innesca un ciclo perverso: sarà sempre peggio.

Altra interessante conseguenza è che la condizione culturale pregressa è socialmente discriminante: si creano nella società sacche di arroganza e pregiudizio che riscuotono solido consenso per la dinamica stessa che le istruisce. Il fenomeno si trasforma in una condizione politica storica. In questo riflesso secondario la condizione “culturale” davvero diventa determinante di comportamenti sociali e alla fine politici. 

Questa è in sintesi brutale la matrice dei movimenti assoluti e totalitari come il fascismo, e il nazismo, lo stalinismo etc. 

In margine al fenomeno “naturale” sono significativi e deteriori i comportamenti dei pochi che, pur avendo l’esperienza critica per “distinguere” si collocano volutamente sul versante strumentale per utilizzare la dinamica “naturale”  rivoltante, demagogica e populista per acquisire controllo e potere. Questi soggetti sono al margine della criminalità sociale:  una vera metastasi della democrazia.

Altra importante conseguenza della dinamica suggerita dal titolo di questo componimento[2]è la formazione di minoranze sociali evolute, critiche, capaci di valutazione consistente con il cambiamento nella realtà della storia.  

Si forma una “aristocrazia” della cultura politica e sociale che non corrisponde,  necessariamente, a classi di reddito o di patrimonio. Dipende dal vissuto, dalla storia, dagli errori commessi, dalla educazione assorbita nei luoghi e nei tempi.  Una parte della società che è destinata ad essere minoranza, per definizione di elite, fatte salve condizioni storiche eccezionali.

Se immaginiamo metaforicamente come una collina più o meno alta sulla pianura il “vissuto”, il “cumulo” delle esperienze, la “cultura” risultante (in senso kantiano) che ci ”colloca” per “guardare” e per “vedere”, la mia collina è una complessa stratificazione/miscela di eventi, studi, esperienze, competenze, errori che potrei disordinatamente (tutto interagisce con tutto) elencare così: 28 anni vissuti in Western Australia, 36 anni vissuti a Torino,  20  anni vissuti a Milano, 5 lingue parlate e scritte, diploma di High School, Oregon, USA, Maturità Classica, due licei Carducci di Milano e Cavour di Torino, esperto per i problemi di energia con i Radicali negli anni 60 e 70, candidato in Sardegna nel 1978 per il Partidu Radicale Sardu (!), candidato alle amministrative di Torino per il Partito Socialista Italiano nel 1985,  dal 1986 al 1992 assessore allo Sport Turismo e Tempo libero, Verde Pubblico e Impianti per la Città di Torino, laurea in architettura al Politecnico di Torino, ordinario di Tecnologia dell’Architettura, preside della Facoltà di Architettura 1981-1986, dal 1979 al 1986 direttore del Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecniche per i Processi di Insediamento del Politecnico di Torino, 1978 responsabile scientifico del programma Unione Europea UPSE di edilizia economica popolare riscaldata con energia solare (500 alloggi 40 miliardi di lire),  dal 1992 al 1994 addetto scientifico all’Ambasciata Italiana di Jakarta, dal 2000 traduttore di libri per la Nave di Teseo e altri editori (9000 pagine tradotte di diversi autori fra i quali Yanis Varoufakis, Eugene Rogan, Thomas Piketty, Peter Temple, Giuseppe Antonio Borgese, Michael Zantovsky la Biografia di Václav Havel), insegnamenti a Curtin University of Technology, University of Western Australia (Architectural Soustainable Design), University of Washington (Seattle).  

Di questa collina uno strato piccolo, ma molto importante, sono gli anni del ginnasio e del Liceo al Liceo Classico Statale Giosuè Carducci di Milano: il Liceo culla della cultura “liberal” progressista milanese per la tradizione antifascista, per il corpo docente storico, dove sono andati Vittorio Sereni, Bettino Craxi, Claudio Martelli, Gino Strada, Umberto Veronesi, Armando Cossutta, Irene Bernardini, Valerio Onida… 

Da questa collina dal 1994 guardo la pianura sottostante e scrivo i miei pensierini da Scarborough (W.A.).

matteolilorenzo.blog


[1] La definizione di “cultura” secondo Immanuel Kant

[2] “Vedere” è sempre il risultato di dove sei e di dove ti collochi per “guardare”.

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PERCHE’ SI PUO’ GIA’ AFFERMARE CHE PUTIN HA PERSO LA GUERRA

scroll down for English traslation

Non è vero che le guerre si vincono o si perdono. Troppo semplice. Ci sono molti modi di vincere e molti modi di perdere le guerre. Ci sono sconfitte pesanti che non si riscattano come ci sono sconfitte che invece nel tempo si dimostrano clamorose vittorie. Come ci sono vittorie esaltanti proclamate che in realtà sono o si trasformano in catastrofiche sconfitte.

Per questo è necessaria molta prudenza sia nel “cantare vittoria,” che nel “piangere sconfitta”. Come la Storia insegna.

La guerra di Putin contro l’Europa (solo accidentalmente combattuta in Ukraina), già oggi, dopo 80 giorni di combattimenti e battaglie, può essere dichiarata disastrosamente persa da Putin e dal suo sgangherato, criminale esercito. Questo indipendentemente dall’esito finale sul terreno, quando sarà registrato, se mai lo sarà.

Gli 80 giorni di guerra hanno dimostrato la assoluta fragilità dell’esercito di Putin: catena di comando aleatoria e irresponsabile, tecnologie inadeguate, male impiegate e fallimentari, quadri intermedi incompetenti, truppa tendenzialmente portata all’ammutinamento, al saccheggio e alla criminalità terroristica, corruzione  pervasiva (miliardaria) dei vertici e della truppa (per poche decine di rubli).

Gli errori clamorosi: sottovalutazione degli avversari, auto-sopravalutazione. Strategie avventurose, volatili, insostenibili, intelligence goffa, catena di comando aleatoria, de-responsabilizzazione dei quadri intermedi, verticismo burocratico della catena di comando, opacità delle responsabilità operative, contrordini, contraddizioni, equivoci.

Questi errori, tutti puntualmente riscontrabili nell’analisi dettagliata della cronaca delle operazioni sul terreno, hanno comportato la mostruosa carneficina dei caduti russi (un terzo degli effettivi in campo circa 20-25 mila morti), contrordini e confusione delle operazioni, la perdita di mezzi (navi, carri armati, aerei, elicotteri, droni, mezzi di trasporto, centrali della rete elettronica etc.).

Il disastro militare è relativo rispetto al disastro politico, diplomatico, finanziario: la Russia di Putin ha perso qualunque credibilità internazionale, il regime ha perso statura nell’opinione pubblica nazionale russa e questa disistima diventerà catastrofica quando l’opinione pubblica russa acquisirà contezza di cosa è veramente successo. La realtà che è stata rigorosamente censurata finora, ma che non sarà possibile negare o eludere nei prossimi mesi (settimane).

Terzo e pesante qualificatore della sconfitta: il costo economico e sociale delle “sanzioni”: un disastro finanziario difficilmente recuperabile attraverso la vendita di gas e petrolio. L’economia russa sarà azzoppata per anni prima di ritrovare una decente normalità- (investimenti, sviluppo, sanità, assistenza sociale, educazione, manutenzione del territorio): praticamente la Russia sarà ridotta al rango di un paese terzo-mondiale.

Qualunque cosa succeda sul terreno  da ora in poi, la sconfitta di Putin e del suo esercito è già un fatto acquisito, manca la sua presa d’atto  che, quanto più tarderà, tanto più costosa sarà in termini di vite massacrate e di catastrofe ambientale, politica e sociale prodotta.

Né la Russia, né l’Ukraina saranno in grado di sostenere i costi della ricostruzione anche marginale, a guerra conclusa. 
Dovrà intervenire l’Europa e sarà un impegno enorme in termini finanziari e tecnici e difficile in termini politici: uno dei probabili articoli negoziali. 

Corollario: la guerra, oggi già persa da Putin, proseguirà con massacri e crimini per poco o molto tempo, ma non ci sarà spazio negoziale fino a quando Putin non prenderà atto della sua sconfitta. Questo potrà avvenire solo quando la catastrofe del suo esercito sarà tragicamente evidente anche alla sua mente malata. Perché questo avvenga è necessario che la resistenza Ukraina si concluda con la sua assoluta indiscutibile vittoria.

Ovvero la pace può essere raggiunta solo sostenendo in tutti i modi possibili, diplomazia, sanzioni, guerra di finanza e armi, ora soprattutto armi, la battaglia dell’Ukraina contro l’esercito invasore russo: questa la vera linea strategica e tattica di chi vuole veramente la pace. Coloro che si proclamano pacifisti e vogliono il disarmo della resistenza Ukraina, sono in realtà scientemente complici della criminalità di Putin e vogliono esporre l’Europa alla conseguente catastrofe. Per loro non esiste nemmeno l’alternativa della stupidità. 

Per essere esplicito ed evitare indiretta ipocrisia: per l’Italia mi riferisco a Matteo Salvini e a Giuseppe Conte, esempi di vergognosa strumentalità demagogica di pacifismo peloso, al servizio della criminalità di Putin.

Sulla differenza fra armi difensive e offensive: non esiste. Si poteva pensare per le lance e gli scudi, già discutibile per gli archi e le frecce. Ridicolo argomento per carri armati, obici, missili, droni, elicotteri, intelligence elettronica e informatica. Tutto quello che distrugge le armi del nemico è automaticamente difensivo e difficilmente può evitare di essere anche offensivo.

Sul rapporto Europa Stati Uniti
Molto correttamente Mario Draghi ha fatto presente al Presidente degli Stati Uniti Biden la differenza fra gli interessi dell’Europa e gli interessi degli Stati Uniti nella gestione dei rapporti con la Russia. Galli della Loggia sul Corriere di oggi (16 Maggio) stigmatizza la denuncia di questa differenza in una nota che si pone come critica della linea dichiarata da Mario Draghi. È strano come a Galli della Loggia sfugga l’elementare ovvio nesso consequenziale: cioè che è proprio per l’identità di valori che ci unisce agli Stati Uniti che questi devono riconoscere la differenza di interessi  con l’Europa nella attuale critica congiuntura e operare di conseguenza.

lorenzo matteoli

16, maggio 2022

Why we can already say that Putin has lost the war

It is not true that wars are won or lost. Too easy. There are many ways to win and many ways to lose wars. There are irredeemable defeats but there are also defeats that over time turn out to be sensational victories. Just as there are glorious victories which are, or turn into, catastrophic defeats. That is why one must be very careful both in “hailing victory,” and in “crying defeat”, as history teaches.Putin’s war against Europe (only accidentally in Ukraine), already after 80 days of fighting and battles, can be declared disastrously lost by Putin and his criminal army. This regardless of the final outcome on the ground, when it will be recorded, if ever. The 80 days of war showed the vulnerability of Putin’s army: random and irresponsible chain of command, inadequate, badly used and unsuccessful technologies, incompetent middle cadres, mutinous troops, prone to looting and terrorist crime, pervasively corrupt from the top (for billions) to the lowest ranks (for a few rubles).The basic profile: underestimation of opponents, self-overestimation.  Adventurous, volatile, unsustainable strategies, clumsy intelligence, random chain of command, unaccountability of middle cadres, bureaucratic chain of command, blurred operational responsibilities, counter-orders, contradictions, misunderstandings. These mistakes or patterns, clearly shown by the detailed analysis of field operation, led to the horrific number of  Russian casualties (a third of the personnel in the field, about 20-25 thousand dead), cancellations and messy operations, the loss of equipment (ships, tanks, airplanes, helicopters, drones, means of transport, electronic network centers, etc.).The military disaster is minor compared to the political, diplomatic and financial disaster: Putin’s Russia has lost all international credibility, the regime has lost stature in Russian national public opinion, and this disdain will become catastrophic when Russian public opinion becomes aware of what really happened. The reality that has been rigorously censored so far, but that will be impossible to deny or evade in the coming months (weeks). The Russian Army is good in the parades on the Red Square but a total failure in action. Third and heavy qualifier of defeat: the economic and social cost of the “sanctions”: a financial disaster that is difficult to recover from even through the sale of gas and oil. The Russian economy will be crippled for years before regaining decent normality – (investments, development, health care, social assistance, education, land maintenance): practically Russia will be reduced to the ranking of a third-world country.Whatever will happen on the ground from now on,  Putin’s defeat  is already a fact, only his acknowledgment is missing,  the longer it will be delayed, the more expensive it will be in terms of casualties and military, political and social catastrophe.Neither Russia nor Ukraine will be able to bear the cost of even marginal reconstruction once the war is over.Europe will have to take over and it will be an enormous financial and technical commitment and also very difficult in political terms:  one of the possible items for the negotiating table.
Corollary: the war, now already lost by Putin, will continue with massacres and crimes for a short or long time, but there will be no room for negotiation until Putin acknowledges defeat. This can only happen when the catastrophe of his army is tragically evident even to his sick mind. For this to happen the Ukrainian resistance must end with an indisputable victory.That is, peace can only be achieved by supporting in all possible ways, diplomacy, sanctions, financial warfare and weapons, the battle of Ukraine against the invading Russian army: this is the true strategic and tactical line for those who truly want peace. Those who claim to be pacifists and want the disarmament of the Ukrainian resistance are actually willing accessories to Putin’s crime and want to push Europe into the resulting catastrophe. For them there is not even the alternative of stupidity. As far as Italy is concerned I refer to Mr. Matteo Salvini and Mr. Giuseppe Conte, two examples of shameful demagogic pacifism, paying their tribute to Putin’s criminality.
On the difference between defensive and offensive weapons: It does not exist. One could think of the difference between spears and shields, already questionable for bows and arrows. Ridiculous argument for tanks, howitzers, missiles, drones, helicopters, electronic and computer intelligence. Anything that destroys the enemy’s weapons is automatically defensive and can hardly avoid being offensive as well.
On the Europe-United States relationshipQuite frankly Mario Draghi pointed out to the President of the United States the difference between the interests of Europe and the interests of the United States in managing relations with Russia. Galli della Loggia in today’s Corriere della Sera (May 16) comments in a note that is a criticism of the statement by Mr. Mario Draghi. Mr. Galli della Loggia seems to ignore the elementary obvious consequential link: i.e.  it is precisely because of the identity of US/European values that the United States must acknowledge the difference of European interests in the current critical situation and operate consistently.Which was the point Mr Draghi made with the President of the Uniter States.

lorenzo matteoli
May, 16th 2022

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For a biological timekeeping

For a biological timekeeping 

Lorenzo Matteoli
Scarborough, April 15th, 2006

This short essay has been written for the “festschrift” to honour
Prof. Dr. Don Bradshaw

Time Wisdom bits

There is surely nothing other than the single purpose of the present moment.
A man’s whole life is a succession of moment after moment. If one fully understands the present moment, there will be nothing else to do, and nothing else to pursue.” 
-Yamamoto Tsunetomo, Hagakure-

Time is not a line, but a series of now-points.
-Taisen Deshimaru-

Time has no division to mark its passage, there is never a thunderstorm or blare of trumpets to announce the beginning of a new month or year. Even when a new century begins it is only we mortals who ring bells and fire pistols.
 -Thomas Mann, The Magic Mountain-

Time is money, but money is not time. (WA anonymous)

Ticking up the moments that make a dull day
You fritter and waste the hours in an offhand way.
…You are young and life is long and there is time to kill today
and then one day you find ten years have gone behind you.
Every year is getting shorter; never seem to find the time…
“Time” from The Darker Side of the Moon
Pink Floyd

§§§§§§§§§§§§§§§§§

Men have always been curious about “time”. Our fore fathers felt the  changes in nature, saw the movement of the stars and of the sun, seasonal changes, night and day and wisely attributed them to the Gods in charge of each specific environment.

The doubt about the essence of time as something that “moves” or “flows” or as something that “stays” while we stroll through has been obscure for millennia. Even today the definition of time does not supply an answer to the question. The matter became even more complex with Hermann Minkowski’s space (four dimensional space-time as presented in his book “Space and Time” 1907) and the subsequent special theory of relativity by Albert Einstein  and its various interpretations does not explain the essence of time. The idea of a curved space-time is fascinating but difficult to grasp.  As for the relationship of the curved space-time with gravity that is not an easy concept either, at least for me.

The master of Christianity’s philosopher Augustine who thought a lot about time, gave up and said: “I know what it is, but I cannot explain it!”
It’s interesting to notice that  also electricity is known as a phenomenon, but mysterious in its essence.  But I am not qualified to elaborate any further about that.

For centuries. the measurement of time was in fact the recording of the movement of the sun during the day and of the stars during the night. In relatively recent human history (300-400 B.C.) tools different from sundials were devised as water clocks and clepsydrae. The first mechanical clocks were built around 1400. The first ones were based on the isochronous pendulum then on the double pendulum and around 1700 by a spring-operated motor connected to an oscillating escapement.

When the Roman Consul Messalla brought the first sundial to Rome from Catania (Sicily) and placed it in the centre of the Forum without any adaptation to negotiate the different latitude, the Romans used it for a whole century, unaware of or disregarding the structural error. Plinius the Elder commented with sarcasm, but disregard for the exact time is still today a peculiar trait of the Roman culture, where it is a current habit, if not an institution, to be at least half an hour late. Romans have been smart to stamp punctuality as a somewhat negative habit, of more concern to plebeian society.

One peculiarity of  Roman timekeeping is that the subdivision of the daylight time into twelve periods implied the subdivision of the night into twelve periods. Night “hours” were longer or shorter than day “hours” according to the season. Only on the equinox would the night and the day “hours” be of the same duration.

The great Roman timekeeper after the year 10 BC was the obelix in Campo Marzio erected by Octavian Augustus.  Recent archaeological excavations brought to light the marble slabs with the hour signs traced into them, marking the time of the day as the shadow of the tip of the obelix would reach them. A monumental and celebratory sun dial: on September 23rd (the Emperor’s birthday) the shadow reached the Ara Pacis which was the Giulia Family Mausoleum.

In the late Imperial period in Rome, to own an “horologium” was an important status symbol. Lucretius tells of a great water clock in the palace of the rich Trimalchio:  a slave with a golden trumpet was standing by signalling every hour that passed so that his lord would know about the passing of life. The slave and the big water clock have long gone, but the idea of the clock as a status symbol is still strong, as evidenced by the likes of    Girard Perregaux advertisements
Eventually, mechanical clocks became more sophisticated and accurate: the pendulum, the double pendulum, Harrison’s marine chronometer (H4 the model that won the Board of Longitude prize was presented in 1759 could be accurate to less than  6/100 seconds per day.

After Harrison H4 the spring-loaded escapement chronometer became more and more accurate, mechanically sophisticated and smaller. The mechanical watch era was superseded in 1975 with the advent of commercial quartz watches. 

Our post-Galilean culture privileges “measurement”. Everything must have a quantitative dimension;  every dimension a consistent size. This has been the basic mandate for scientific research, certainly after Galileo, and quite possibly even long before his time.
Measurement was mainly related to the human body. The name of some of the early units is revealing: arm, foot, inch, palm, “passus” … History of science is the history of the measure of reality as the crucial tool for its knowledge.  In some fields knowledge and measure of reality conceptually overlap: to measure reality is to know reality and vice versa.  To measure means to be able to know and to know means to be able to measure.
Thus scientific culture privileges “quantification” as a peculiar specific element to the understanding of any physical phenomenon.
Transfer of this concept to problems which do not belong to the domain of physics has been a consequence.

To be qualitative is a frequent comment that American researchers whip out to European peers – a well known comment in the international scientific community. A quantitative attitude is in fact mandatory in the American scientific culture:  if you do not have the “numbers”  your paper is dismissed as irrelevant, not supported by evidence…amateurish and thus usually disregarded. This was the situation as I remember it in the seventies and eighties when I was active in research and in close contact with many US Institutions. I do not know if this is still the case today.

The need to have “numbers” often induces manipulation of data or to “shoehorn” the interpretation of statistics to fit/support the pre assumed result. Sometimes the analytical method and field procedures are moulded by the need to achieve quantitative results beyond the scope of the research. The quantitative drive can sometimes betray the fundamental goal to obtain reliable, solid data for the scientific account of the reality object of the study. Numbers can be solid evidence, but they can also subtly be bent to support an assumed result.

An interesting example of how numbers can be tricky is illustrated by the works and book by the Danish Statistician Björn Lomborg (The Sceptical Environmentalist). With the same “numbers” of other researchers, through subtle manipulations or murky mathematical processing of data, he reaches utterly different conclusions on the environmental reality. Lomborg’s work has been challenged by many authors who disclosed the mistakes and the manipulations, often well within the field of fraud.
http://www.lomborg-errors.dk/examples.htm

For centuries, quantitative measurement of phenomena has been rewarded with considerable success, thus strengthening the concept that “to measure means to know” and that a physical phenomenon which cannot be measured or which has not been measured is, in fact, unknown. Strong doubt remains on what could have been achieved with holistic-intuitive methods, a question strongly supported by the intuition of the atomic structure of matter which the  Greek philosopher Democritus reached with an inductive mind-process 400 years B.C.,  an intuition that has been dismissed as “fantasy” for 20 centuries. The scientific method embraced after the Renaissance revolutionized research, the holistic intuitive way of thinking was abandoned, but nobody knows what we could have achieved if that had not happened.

A specific peculiarity of measurement and of measurement criteria is “conventionality”. All measurement units are “conventional” and “relative”: the meter (a word that in Greek means “measure”) until a few decades ago was the 40 millionth part of the Earth Meridian (according to Napoleon’s scientists) and the definition was re-established in 1983.  The meter is the distance that light covers in vacuum in 1/299.752.458 of a second, one degree Centigrade is 1/100 of the thermal difference between water’s freezing point and water’s boiling point, the kilogram is the weight of one cubic decimetre of water at 4 °C, where weight is the force applied to a body immersed into a gravitational field (on Earth is the result of gravitation and centrifugal force due to terrestrial rotation: thus weight varies with latitude and distance from the Earth’s centre).
As for time, the natural frequency of the Caesium atom has been conventionally assumed as the new international time unit in 1967:  the “second” is the time needed to complete 9.192.631.770 cycles of the caesium atom resonance. This assumption supersedes the previous “rotational”  convention by which one second was the 86.400th part of the time needed for the earth to complete one rotation around its axis.

Interestingly, the international prototype  of the kilogram (kept at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures in Paris) seems to have lost  50 micrograms in the last 100 years and the reason for the loss is unknown. The observed variation of the prototype has intensified the search for a new definition of the kilogram.  It is accurate to state that any object in the Universe that had a mass of 1 kilogram 100 years ago, now has a mass of 1.000 050 kg. This perspective is very disturbing (or pleasantly suggestive according to the point of view:  destabilizing such a monument of certainty) and defeats the purpose of a standard unit of mass, since the standard should not change arbitrarily over time. The alternative is that we should accept the change and consistently negotiate the subsequent changed reality.

The effort of international Institutions responsible for the definition of “measures” is, wherever possible,  to bring all the units to absolute values based on “astronomical” references (the speed of light in vacuum, Earth rotation, gravity) or to physical invariants (like the natural resonance vibration of atoms). An effort that does reduce the conventional fickleness, but does not solve conflicts between our subjectivity and its relationship with the historical and environmental context.

As for timekeeping standards its measure is today entrusted to the relative constant resonance vibrations of a quartz crystal used as a capacitor interfering with an inductor. 

This technology reached the market with commercial quartz watches in 1975 with the catastrophically famous Black Watch by Sinclair.  The product was a total failure.
The chip could be ruined by static from your nylon shirt, nylon carpets or an air-conditioned room. This problem also affected the production facility, leading to a large number of failures before the watches even left the factory. The result was that the display would freeze on one very bright digit, causing the batteries to overload (and occasionally explode).
The accuracy of the quartz timing crystal was highly temperature-sensitive: the watch ran at different speeds in winter and summer. 
The batteries had a life of just ten days which meant that customers often received a Black Watch with dead batteries inside. The design of the circuitry and case made them very difficult to replace. 
 The control panels frequently malfunctioned, making it impossible to turn the display on or, alternatively, impossible to turn it off – which again led to exploding batteries. 
The kit was almost impossible for hobbyists to construct (and barely any easier for Sinclair’s hard-pressed workforce). Practical Wireless advised readers to use two wooden clothes pegs, two drawing pins and a piece of insulated wire to work the batteries into position. You then had to spend another four days adjusting the trimmer to ensure that the watch was running at the right speed. 
The casing was impossible to keep in one piece. It was made from a plastic which turned out to be unglueable, so the parts were designed to clip together. The clips didn’t work either and the problem was turned over to a subcontractor. Sinclair later (much later) received a small box on which was written, “We’ve solved the problem of the Black Watch!”. Inside was a Black Watch with a half-inch bolt driven though it.

From that horrible experience, present day quartz watches have come a long way.  They are very inexpensive and incredibly accurate (some of the commercial makes boast an accuracy within 1 second per year). All the original problems have been solved by design and technological innovations. 

An “absolute” accuracy (an audacious qualifier in the science of measurements) is granted by atomic clocks based on the vibration resonance of Caesium atoms interfering with proper electromagnetic frequencies. The cesium atom’s natural frequency was formally recognized as the new international unit of time in 1967:   the second was defined as exactly 9,192,631,770 oscillations or cycles of the cesium atom’s resonant frequency, replacing the old second that was defined with reference to the Earth’s rotation.

This kind of accuracy responds to the needs of scientific measurements and is a vital tool for providing evidence to the theories of quantum physics and post-Einstein relativity positions, but it does not fill the gap between the measurement of time and the anthropological, cultural and biological perception that we have of it. The psycho chronometry or chronobiology has yet to find its measurement means. The time we “live” in fact and the perception we have of it, is only vaguely related to the data available through timekeeping technologies. We can detect and assess sound, noise, weight, heat, textures, light with our senses, but a sense for “time” is still a secret securely kept in our organism. It is a reasonable assumption that, since we have all the other senses, we also have an organic, built-in, sense of time. 
It is not by chance that in our colloquial language time is qualified in a subjective, qualitative way: long, short, hard. slow, tormented, terrible, happy, far, close… In our everyday talk we seem to think about time as about something that “moves”:   time goes by, runs, lags, doesn’t pass, stands still ……… 
This may be the consequence of the simple fact that timekeeping tools “move” or have moving components:  clepsydras, sun dials, the hours and minutes hands, the vibrations of Quartz or Caesium.  It could also be that the ”movement” of time is a logical consequence of the “changes” through which we perceive it. 
A unique mind or logic transfer makes us think that “time” flows, drifts away, goes by, as if it were a fluid moving around us in the midst of which we stand still. Time would be better thought of as a huge, perfectly still ocean, in which we sail. 
We sail:    we move, we change, things around us change, move, grow, mature, season, lighten up or get dark, are born, live and die. We are born, live and die. Time is.

Its not easy to think about a measure of time that “is”: the measure of time is the measure of the  changes that we see or perceive. Changes can happen in the most diverse fields: physics, physiology, biology, biochemistry, astronomy, gravity, heat, culture, anthropology, society, politics, economy, geography, history, meteorology…Clearly each field is dominated by subjectivity, hence the reason for the many “qualitative” adjectives, which qualify “time” for us and the perceptive assessment of it, more than its measure.

This is the important boundary:  chronological measurement of time is different from its assessment through subjective perception. The search to supply subjective perception of time with quantitative parameters has not gone far and does not seem to be very popular in the present general field of human speculation. Bio-chronology and psycho-chronology are very specialized fields between psychology and biology, but they do not seem to have great communication channels with other interested disciplines. 
The perception of time is still consigned to “qualitative” criteria.  Can anything be done to get out of this segregation?

The fact that our perception of time and the current conventions for its measurement have marginal common ground is quite clear in all the literature.  Some authors have also tried to explore a logarithmic time perception scale (Logtime) after the early attempts of Paul Janet  (1823 -1899) a professor of philosophy at the Sorbonne, whose specific works on time are lost but they are quoted by William James (1842-1910) often referred to as “the father of American Psychology” in his monumental and ground breaking work “The Principles of Psychology”. (Chapter XV The perception of time.) William James’s book has been placed online in its entirety (http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/James/Principles/index.htm)

The accepted observation that our time perception shrinks with our age suggests that time perception should be scaled as a logarithmic function: time appears to us to be slow (long) when we are young, and shorter as we grow older. We seem to assess and judge periods of time relating them in some way to our age. One year for a ten year old boy is 10% of his life but only 5% of the life of a twenty year old man. So one more year in the life of the ten year old is felt like 10% of his life added to the experience where as the twenty year old young man will  feel to have added only 5% to his lived life.
As we get older the faster we seem to age and years seem shorter.
“The Logtime assumption is consistent with the widely accepted description of the perception of physical stimuli commonly referred to as the Weber-Fechner law. For time perception, clock time (calendar age) is the “stimulus”. Weber-Fechner has been found to be only an approximation over a limited stimulus range, and this would probably be the case for aging perception if objective measurements were possible.”  (James Main Kenney “Logtime: the subjective Scale of Life”)
Jaqmes.M. Kenney in his essay available at:
http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/jmkenney
Kenney elaborates on the concept and supplies tables to scale one’s life according to the Logtime scale of life.

The literature on “time” is vast and of the philosophical debate is lively and demonstrates the difficulties of the cognitive problem. 
Basic definitions of “past”, “future” and “present” are far from settled. William James in 1890 chose a “virtual” category to define “present” after the first use of the term by E.R. Clay:  that of “specious present”. (he says: “the prototype of all conceived times is the specious present, the short duration of which we are immediately and incessantly sensible”). 
Starting from the classic Greek philosophers to Augustine and to the monuments of modern philosophical speculation, the efforts to understand what time is exactly have been incessant, but the results are still vague. Time sequences, simultaneity, time order, time perception, memory are still open issues.

Philosophy and logics developed a conceptual line of inquiry, neuro-biology and bio-chronometry achieved some results, but there seems to be no connection or communication between the various disciplines, as often happens on account of the segregation of domains and of the academic barriers which are so typical of the organization of science and knowledge in our universities and scientific Institutions.

The field of chrono-biology should be explored by psychology and philosophy researchers working on the concept of time. It would also be useful for general medical practitioners to have an interest in the field.
All the activities directly or indirectly related to the human body and mind are interested in “lived time perception”:  sports, recreation, work, education, communication, artistic expression, creative activities, food, social and public relations, sociology, management techniques, decision-making processes and methods, long term planning, financial strategies…
Architectural and industrial design, urban design and town planning are all activities which interfere with “lived time”. Cities and houses contain and constrain time activities which interfere with our biological time.

Knowledge of biological time could be extremely useful while making financial decisions or strategic investments.
Inter-generational and intercultural understanding can be greatly assisted by the knowledge of biological time.

Conclusion

Quite clearly, timekeeping machines based on astronomical references (rotational time) or on atomic resonance (quartz, caesium) cannot be abandoned because they are a fundamental structure for an organised society and because they are essential tools for research.
Log time is more related to humans and can be useful in many fields, but it is a hypothetical assumption supported by intuitive deductions, quite strong for its logical consistency with the Weber-Fechner theory. 

Our personal daily matters and life choices, food, health, sport, social and family relationships could be better informed by our own “bio-time”, but we do not know anything yet about our inner, organic clock for the subjective time perception of each individual.

The big question has not been answered yet. Which specific elements of our complex metabolic processes or endocrinal system change on an hourly or daily rate to supply the perception of our time to our brain? 

Lorenzo Matteoli

Appendix 2022

«Future history will no longer produce ruins. It doesn’t have the time» (Augè, 2004). While for many other environmental physical phenomena we have “sensors” and organs capable of recording them, for time we do not have an organ that records, fҽҽls, translates it into an image or into a physical provocation. If it exists, we do not know it. The eyes see light, colours, distances, depths. The question remains whether what I see is exactly the same as what others see, but there are good reasons to suspect so. Ears hear sounds, noises, rҽgіstҽr the direction from which vibrations and acoustical energy arrive and recognize frequencies within certain limits. They probably also record many other characteristics of sound energy according to categories that are unnoticeable, unquantifiable or incomprehensible to most of us. The thermal sensors of our body tiѕѕuҽs fҽҽl the heat and react to it in different ways: increasing or decreasing their temperature, secreting sweat, dilating or contracting their pores to grant the organic balances necessary for our well-being, comfort and safety. We also have sensors that react to pain caused by environmental, “social”, accidental and mechanical situations. These sensors can react to trauma by cancelling the sensation of pain to allow rational control behavioural patterns to handle the emergency/life threatening situation, an assumption I make because it is contradicted and confirmed by many different stories. We do not know “organs” in our body that “fҽҽl”, “record”, “evaluate”, “quantify” or “qualify”, time as a physical dimension of the environmental context. Perhaps it is our whole physical and organic system that “fҽҽls” and “records” time: in fact, the system “ages”, changes physical, dimensional, organic, biological, chemical, mechanical, neuro-vegetative qualities and sensitivities of various kinds and nature. Overall, for this reason, it is correct to say that it is by living that we measure time. A few decades ago, in a short essay pυblisһed by the UWA (University of Western Australia), I wrote that «time is like an immense motionless ocean that we cross while changing» (Matteoli, 2002). It is a literary and suggestive image, but in reality only useful to contradict the other “figures” of “time”, which “passes”, “rolls”, “unfolds”, “runs away”, while it is we who “pass”, “roll”, “run away”, pursued by a strange, benevolent or evil demon or genius. For us, the “dimension/fҽҽling” of time is even more relative and is lіnκed to the time we have lived, to the activities we carry out or that we would like to carry out, to the pleasure or boredom or discomfort of the present. A year of life for a ten year old is 10% of the life he has lived. For a 50-year-old adult, it is only 2 percent of the life he has lived: the same 365 days are worth less for the adult by a factor of 5 (500%). This is why the summers of our childhood seemed very long and those of our later years seem very short.

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Myers, Gerald (1971) ‘James on Time Perception’, Philosophy of Science 38, 353-60

Needham, Joseph, Wang Ling, and Derek J. deSolla Price, Heavenly Clockwork: The Great Astronomical Clocks of Medieval China, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986. 

Oaklander, L. Nathan (1993) ‘On the Experience of Tenseless Time’, Journal of Philosophical Research 18, 159-66; reprinted in Oaklander and Smith (1994), 344-50

Oaklander, L. Nathan, and Smith, Quentin (1994), eds., The New Theory of Time, New Haven: Yale University Press

Odegard, D. (1978) ‘Phenomenal Time’, Ratio 20, 116-22

Ornstein, R.E. (1969) On the Experience of Time, Harmondsworth: Penguin

Parker, R.A., The Calendars of Ancient Egypt, University of Chicago, 1950. 

Plumer, Gilbert (1985) ‘The Myth of the Specious Present’, Mind 
94

Plumer, Gilbert (1987) ‘Detecting Temporalities’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47, 451-60

Pöppel, Ernst (1978) ‘Time Perception’, in Richard Held et al., eds., Handbook of Sensory Physiology, Vol. VIII: Perception, Berlin: Springer-Verlag

Price, Huw (1996) Time’s Arrow and Archimedes’ Point: New Directions in the Physics of Time, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Priestley, J. B., Man and Time, Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1964. 

Roache, Rebecca (1999) ‘Mellor and Dennett on the Perception of Temporal Order’, Philosophical Quarterly 49, 231-38

Russell, Bertrand (1915) ‘On the Experience of Time’, Monist 25, 212-33

Russell, Bertrand (1921) The Analysis of Mind, London: George Allen and Unwin

Seidelmann, P. Kenneth, ed., Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac, Sausalito, Calif.: University Science Books, 1992. 

Shallis, Michael, On Time, New York: Schocken Books, 1983.

Smith, Quentin (1988) ‘The Phenomenology of A-Time’, Diálogos 52, 143-53; reprinted in Oaklander and Smith (1994), 351-9

Snyder, Wilbert F. and Charles A. Bragaw, “In the Domains of Time and Frequency” (Chapter 8), Achievement in Radio, NIST Special Publication 555*, 1986. 

Sobel, Dava, Longitude, New York: Penguin Books, 1995. 

Walsh, W.H. (1967) ‘Kant on the Perception of Time’, Monist 51, 376-96

Williams, Clifford (1992) ‘The Phenomenology of B-Time’, Southern Journal of Philosophy 30, 

James Main Kenney
Logtime: The subjective Scale of Life: the logaritmic Time Perception Hypothesis

http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/jmkenney/

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L’aggressione all’Europa di Vladimir Putin e le possibili conclusioni

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L’invasione dell’esercito di Putin

Non occorre essere un polemologo per capire che la guerra di Putin contro l’Ukraina non è una semplice operazione tattica né un limitato intervento di polizia. 

La giustificazione ridicola data: la tutela delle minoranze russe, nasconde strategie e politiche di portata molto diversa che la qualifica di “operazione straordinaria” non spiega, ma che sono ovvie per gli analisti specializzati del ”russian desk” del Dipartimento di Stato USA, del Foreign Office inglese a Londra, dell’ Auswärtiges Amt, della Repubblica Federale tedesca a Bonn, del Ministère de l’Europe et des Affaires étrangères, di Parigi,  o della Farnesina  Italiana.

L’aggressione di Putin, che vede l’impiego di centinaia di migliaia di soldati russi, l’invio di migliaia di carri armati, centinaia di aerei ed elicotteri, una flotta, è stata meditata e predisposta da mesi/anni: la dimensione logistica implica tempi lunghi, uno studio strategico di mesi oltre che la predisposizione di adeguato finanziamento, e l’ingaggio e la preparazione di una potente struttura clandestina locale. Quella che probabilmente hai insospettito il governo Ukraino e provocato le tensioni.

Per non parlare del quadro concettuale, della visione storica  “imperiale”, della comunicazione alla dirigenza e alla burocrazia che deve essersi svolto sull’arco di diversi anni.

Il tutto ha un quadro generale ampio e preciso noto con il nome di Ruskiy Mir: Mondo Russo.

Lo sviluppo “ukraino” della dialettica verbale sul Ruskiy Mir, inquadrato nei discorsi, nel comportamento, negli atteggiamenti di Putin e del suo  ristretto entourage, nei recenti riferimenti impliciti, indiretti, o espliciti ad armi “mai viste” e al “nucleare”, si configura in una dimensione molto più sinistra e terrificante della vendetta/rappresaglia nei confronti dell’Ukraina per le tensioni con minoranze etniche nel Donbas a Luhansk e in Crimea.

L’idea, in realtà il progetto, di Putin, che ha mosso l’aggressione è stata la “visione imperiale” che Putin è arrivato a coltivare nei suoi anni di potere assoluto, isolato e solitario. La sua informazione sul mondo, limitata alle comunicazioni servili e settarie di cortigiani e generali dell’esercito corrotto, ha aumentato il suo patologico distacco dalla realtà delle cose.

Realtà che i primi 80 giorni di guerra hanno rivelato in modo crudo: l’esercito russo è una tigre di carta: carri armati che si spappolano, informatica goffa, navi esposte (tre affondate o rese inutili) per la fragilità dei sistemi di protezione elettronica, artiglieria imprecisa, etica della truppa criminale. Strategie logisticamente insostenibili, generali incompetenti, quadri intermedi rozzi, livello tecnologico generale obsoleto e  vuoto pauroso di competenze operative.

Da sottolineare  queste ultime lacune perché mentre le carenze materiali si possono colmare in tempi ragionevoli, il vuoto di competenza e di capacità tecnica richiede decine di anni per essere risolto (if ever).

Sintesi: l’esercito russo dopo 80 giorni di guerra è in seria difficoltà di fronte a un esercito Ukraino inferiore per numero e mezzi nel rapporto di 1 a 5, ma superiore per competenza e abilità tecnica operativa e tecnologica per un rapporto di 8 a 1.).

Di fronte a un esercito NATO l’esercito russo sarebbe stato annullato in 7 giorni. Azzerati i carri armati, azzerati i mezzi di trasporto, azzerata l’aviazione: sarebbe rimasto un esercito appiedato e privo di rifornimenti. Costretto alla resa per …fame.[1]

Questi sono i motivi per i quali i comandi dell’esercito russo autorizzano operazioni di strage di civili, donne stuprate, bambini  e vecchi uccisi a sangue freddo,  tortura dei prigionieri, bombardamento di asili, ospedali e scuole. Comportamenti che non sono comprensibili se non in un quadro di autorizzazione da parte del comando supremo: cioè Vladimir Putin stesso che spera di stroncare la resistenza Ukraina con una guerra criminale di terrorismo e stragi di civili.

Sul piano personale  la delusione di Putin per il  clamoroso fallimento militare è atroce. Vede vicina la sconfitta e il pericolo del suo disperato ricorso al nucleare è una realtà orrenda perché il soggetto disperato opera in condizioni di seria patologia mentale. 

Condizioni che gli impediscono di accogliere e riscontrare un atteggiamento negoziale: l’unica cosa che potrebbe recepire è l’ammutinamento dei suoi generali, ammutinamento sulla cui plausibilità nessuno è in grado di speculare.

Prima di procedere nell’analisi un cenno sul “progetto” di Putin prima della delusione militare: nulla di meno se non la riconquista della “sfera di influenza” negoziata da Stalin a Yalta con Roosevelt e Churchill. Probabilmente allargata, all’Italia (Salviniana come promesso al Metropol da Savoini), alla fascia Baltica e alla Finlandia e Svezia. Quindi l’aggressione all’Ukraina era, nell’intenzione di Putin, il primo passo di quel progetto.

In questa prospettiva vanno inquadrate due situazioni oggi all’ordine del giorno e legate da ineludibile consequenzialità: la soluzione negoziale  e il pacifismo.

Il negoziato: la condizione attuale di Putin non, è favorevole all’apertura di un tavolo negoziale. Il soggetto è frustrato e vendicativo, non ha ancora metabolizzato la sconfitta e in qualche modo coltiva ipotesi di vittoria. Negoziare, ovvero cercare un compromesso, con chi crede di poter vincere “tutto” è, per definizione di negoziato,  impossibile.

Quindi la resistenza ukraina deve venire sostenuta senza riserve fino a quando i generali russi non saranno costretti ad affrontare le realtà e a farla affrontare, in un modo o in un altro, a Putin. Questo perché, va ribadito, prima di quella presa d’atto da parte di Putin non ci sarà negoziato possibile.

Il pacifismo: il pacifismo che vuole il disarmo della resistenza ukraina in realtà vuole la sua sconfitta da parte dell’esercito criminale russo, non vuole nessuna pace: di fatto vuole la catastrofe terminale del popolo ukraino, il saccheggio delle risorse del paese e la sua schiavitù staliniana a Mosca. In questo senso non si tratta di pacifismo, ma di complicità con l’aggressione e la condotta criminale dell’esercito russo in Ukraina. Come se  Francia Inghilterra e Stati Uniti nel 1938 avessero negoziato con Hitler.

Salvini che si qualifica “pacifista” conferma la mia ipotesi di sua complicità con Putin con la sua recente dichiarazione di essere contrario all’ingresso nella NATO di Finlandia e Svezia. Con Salvini sono contro l’ingresso di Svezia e Finlandia nella Nato anche Putin ed Erdogan.

Conclusione

Questa guerra orrenda e il sacrificio di decine di migliaia di cittadini ukraini, la distruzione quasi totale  del paese e delle sue infrastrutture, le decine di migliaia di soldati russi e ukraini caduti, i crimini commessi, dovrà venire registrata storicamente e politicamente come aggressione di Putin all’Europa, il negoziato, reso possibile dalla resistenza ukraina, dovrà essere condotto sotto il patrocinio dell’Europa e nella tutela dei suoi valori fondanti.

Non è da escludere che, con questa guerra e con la sua conclusione, in modo non immediato, ma conseguente, avvenga in Russia un cambio di regime e si apra per la prima volta nella storia di quel paese una vera opzione per la democrazia: una prima assoluta storica per la Russia. Va considerato il problema di una plausibile  lacuna culturale del popolo russo per accogliere ed esprimere una gestione democratica del paese.

Ultima possibile conseguenza: la guerra in Ukraina e la sua conclusione, il successivo possibile cambio di regime a Mosca con la fine del potere di Putin, potrebbero innescare il processo per un radicale cambiamento della Carta delle Nazioni Unite e della trasformazione di quell’Istituzione in un Governo Mondiale fondato sull’Utopia dell’Unione Europea e sull’Utopia della Costituzione per una Repubblica Mondiale proposta nel 1945 dal Comitato per la definizione di una Costituzione per la Repubblica Mondiale presieduto da Giuseppe Antonio Borgese con i suoi colleghi:

Adler, Jerome, Mortimer, 1902-2001; Stringfellow, Barr, 1897; Borgese, Giuseppe Antonio, 1882-1952; Cousins, Norman; Cranston, Alan, MacGregor; Guérard, Albert Joseph, 1914; Hutchins, Robert, Maynard, 1899; McKeon, Richard, Peter, 1900; Mann, Thomas, 1875-1955; Mayer, Milton, Sanford, 1908; Mumford, Lewis, 1895; Nef, John, Ulric, 1899; Redfield, Robert, 1897; Tugwell, Rexford, Guy, 1891; Wright, Quincy, 1890-1970. 

Segretaria ed editor: Borgese, Elisabeth, Mann. 


[1]  le fonti delle mie informazioni sono ovviamente segrete.

Putin’s aggression against Europe and its

possible conclusions

You don’t need to be a polemologist to understand that Putin’s war against Ukraine is neither a simple tactical operation nor a limited police intervention.

The ridiculous justification given: the protection of Russian minorities hides strategies and policies of very different scope that the qualification of “extraordinary operation” does not explain, but which are obvious to the specialized analysts of the “Russian desk” of the US State Department, of the English Foreign Office in London, the Auswärtiges Amt, the Federal Republic of Germany in Bonn, the Ministère de l’Europe et des Affaires étrangères, Paris, or the Italian Farnesina.

Putin’s aggression, which sees the use of hundreds of thousands of Russian soldiers, the dispatch of thousands of tanks, hundreds of planes and helicopters, a fleet, has been pondered and prepared for months/years: the logistical dimension implies a long timeframe, a strategic study of months as well as the preparation of adequate funding, and the hiring and preparation of a powerful local clandestine structure. The one that probably made the Ukrainian government suspicious and caused tensions.

Not to mention the conceptual framework, the “imperial” historical vision, the communication to management and bureaucracy that must have taken place over several years.

The whole has a broad and precise general picture known as Ruskiy Mir: Russian World.

The “Ukrainian” development of the verbal dialectic on Ruskiy Mir, framed in the speeches, behavior, attitudes of Putin and his small entourage, in the recent implicit, indirect, or explicit references to “never seen” weapons and “nuclear”, it takes the form of a much more sinister and terrifying dimension of revenge / retaliation against Ukraine for the tensions with ethnic minorities in Donbas, Luhansk and Crimea.

Putin’s idea, actually his project, which triggered the aggression was the “imperial vision” that Putin has come to cultivate in his years of absolute, isolated and solitary power. His information on the world, limited to the servile and sectarian communications of courtiers and generals of the corrupt army, increased his pathological distance from the reality of things.

Reality that the first 80 days of the war crudely revealed: the Russian army is a paper tiger: tanks that fall apart, clumsy IT, ships exposed (three sunk or rendered useless) due to the fragility of electronic protection systems , imprecise artillery, criminal ethics of the troops. Logistically unsustainable strategies, incompetent generals, crude middle managers, an obsolete general technological level and a fearful void of operational skills.

These last gaps should be underlined because while the material gaps can be filled in a reasonable time, the lack of competence and technical capacity takes tens of years to be resolved (if ever).

In brief: the Russian army after 80 days of war is in serious difficulty in the face of a Ukrainian army inferior in number and means in the ratio of 1 to 5, but superior in competence and technical operational and technological ability for a ratio of 8 to 1 .

Faced with a NATO army, the Russian army would have been canceled in 7 days. Once the tanks were cleared, the means of transport were cleared, the aviation was cleared: an army would remain on foot and without supplies. Forced to surrender for … hunger.

These are the reasons why the Russian army top brass authorize operations of massacres of civilians, rape, children and old people killed in cold blood, torture of prisoners, bombing of kindergartens, hospitals and schools. Behavior that is not understandable if not authorised by the highest level in the chain of command: which is, Vladimir Putin himself who hopes to crush the Ukrainian resistance with a criminal war of terrorism and massacres of civilians.

On a personal level, Putin’s disappointment over the resounding military failure is dire. He sees a looming defeat and the danger of his desperate recourse to nuclear power is a horrendous reality because the desperate subject operates in conditions of serious mental pathology. 

Conditions that prevent him from accepting and finding a negotiating attitude: the only thing he could understand is the mutiny of his generals, a mutiny on whose plausibility no one is able to speculate.

Before proceeding with the analysis, a mention of Putin’s “project” before the military disappointment: nothing less than the regaining of the “sphere of influence” negotiated by Stalin in Yalta with Roosevelt and Churchill. Probably enlarged to Italy (Salviniana as promised to Metropol by Savoini), to the Baltic belt and to Finland and Sweden. So the attack on Ukraine was, in Putin’s intention, the first step of that project.

Two situations on the agenda today and linked by unavoidable consequentiality must be framed in this perspective: the negotiated solution and pacifism.

The negotiation: Putin’s current condition is not conducive to opening a negotiating table. The subject is frustrated and vindictive, he has not yet metabolized the defeat and somehow cultivates the hypothesis of victory. Negotiating, or seeking a compromise, with those who believe they can win “everything” is, by definition of negotiation, impossible.

So the Ukrainian resistance must be unreservedly supported until the Russian generals are forced to face the realities and have Putin face it in one way or another. This is because, it must be reiterated, before Putin takes note there will be no possible negotiation.

Pacifism: pacifism that wants the disarmament of the Ukrainian resistance actually wants its defeat by the Russian criminal army, does not want any peace: in fact it wants the terminal catastrophe of the Ukrainian people, the plundering of the country’s resources and its Stalinist slavery in Moscow. In this sense, it is not a question of pacifism, but of complicity with the aggression and criminal conduct of the Russian army in Ukraine. As if France, England and the United States in 1938 had negotiated with Hitler.
Salvini who qualifies himself as a “pacifist” confirms his complicity with Putin with his recent statement against the acceptance of Sweden and Finland as NATO member countries a position shared by Putin and Erdogan.

Conclusion
This horrendous war and the sacrifice of tens of thousands of Ukrainian citizens, the almost total destruction of the country and its infrastructure, the tens of thousands of fallen Russian and Ukrainian soldiers, the crimes committed, will have to be historically and politically recorded as Putin’s aggression of Europe, the negotiations, made possible by the Ukrainian resistance, must be conducted under the patronage of Europe and in the protection of its founding values.

It cannot be excluded that, with this war and its conclusion, not immediately, but consequently, a regime change  will take place in Russia and for the first time in the history of that country a real option for democracy iwill be available: a historical first for Russia. We must consider the problem of a plausible cultural gap of the Russian people to welcome and express a democratic management of the country.

Last possible consequence: the war in Ukraine and its conclusion, the subsequent possible regime change in Moscow with the end of Putin’s power, could trigger the process for a radical change of the United Nations Charter and the transformation of that institution into a World Government founded on the Utopia of the European Union and on the Utopia of the Constitution for a World Republic proposed in 1945 by the Committee for the definition of a Constitution for the World Republic chaired by Giuseppe Antonio Borgese with his colleagues:

Adler, Jerome, Mortimer, 1902-2001; Stringfellow, Barr, 1897; Borgese, Giuseppe Antonio, 1882-1952; Cousins, Norman; Cranston, Alan, MacGregor; Guérard, Albert Joseph, 1914; Hutchins, Robert, Maynard, 1899; McKeon, Richard, Peter, 1900; Mann, Thomas, 1875-1955; Mayer, Milton, Sanford, 1908; Mumford, Lewis, 1895; Nef, John, Ulric, 1899; Redfield, Robert, 1897; Tugwell, Rexford, Guy, 1891; Wright, Quincy, 1890-1970.

Secretary and editor: Borgese, Elisabeth, Mann.

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OMAGGIO A LIVORNO

Omaggio a Livorno: 

sono nato a Milano ma le mie radici sono 

in via Solferino nella “venezia” di Livorno, 

e ai Bagni Pancaldi…

https://www.bbc.com/travel/article/20220508-livorno-tuscanys-unattractive-unmissable-town

Livorno:

the first Italian cosmopolitan city

February 2000

Why Livorno? Why talk about Livorno?

There is one good reason for me to speak about Livorno: I was not born there, but I spent all my summers in Livorno until I was 17, and they sure were great summers. Livorno is the city where my father Leno was born and where the family lived and still lives: it’s the city of his and my childhood memories and of his and my juvenile adventures. The place that you always perceive as your place whenever you go back, the streets you know, the voices and sounds you have recorded deep inside, the smell of the Harbour and of the canals in the different seasons.

The mood of the city comes with the wind, happy and energetic, with the sunny skies under the summer Maestrale, moody and tense in the humid cloudy days of the Libeccio, cool and chilly during the crystal clear days of the north wind Tramontana.

Personal memories apart there are very good reasons to talk about Livorno: a unique history makes of this city the first European multicultural city; the character of the people in Livorno and the local culture are clear examples of the peculiar historical background and it’s worth while having the experience. The city-scape, the food, the old medicean Harbour are all worth the visit: Livorno is a nice place where to stay while visiting Tuscany, of the main tourists’ trails and yet in the middle of the Region.

Livorno is on the coast of the Tyrrenian sea approximately 200 km south of Genoa and 300 km North of Rome. Everybody knows where Pisa is: Livorno is twenty km South of Pisa. It is not right though to refer to Pisa in order to locate Livorno. In fact is offensive. Pisa has been the arch-rival of Livorno throughout history and the Livornesi dislike the Pisani deeply and heartily. Meglio un morto in casa che un Pisano all’uscio they say… (better a death in the house than a Pisano at the door).

I Livornesi (a hard “s” like in satisfaction, the soft “s” sounds like Milanesi say Livornesi and you do not want to do that) are tough people: their character is known to be hot and high spirited. Always ready to pick a fight, and always ready to jump into the fire to help a friend. Generosity and warmth live together with a sense of humour bordering on sarcasm and tough irony: the “style” of the Livornesi is rough mockery, in Italian you would say “strafottente e canagliesco”. In Italy they are considered with some fear and respect, nobody daring a confrontation, verbal or physical for fear of the reaction.

A compact history of Livorno starts in 1103 when Matilda of Tuscany (she was the host to Pope Gregory VII at Canossa when he let Henry IV wait for three days and three nights in the cold before granting him absolution, it was January 28 1077,) sold the small fishing village to the Church of Pisa, in the fourteenth century the Pisans fortified the small natural harbour and sold it in 1399 to the Visconti family, They had to “sell” the port to Genoa in 1407 and the Genovesi sold it to Florence in 1421. In 1571 Cosimo I Medici started the construction of the Porto Mediceo and that is the real beginning of Livorno as an original and unique city. 

Livorno was a small fortified castle in the control of the Republic of Pisa: main function was to guard the coast against Saracen incursions and landings by the hated Genovesi. The decadence of the Republic of Pisa as a Mediterranean Marine power started with the defeat at the Meloria rock in 1284. The defeated Pisan admiral Ugolino della Gherardesca is met by Dante in his Divine Comedy and made famous by the verse :

“… la bocca sollevo’ dal fiero pasto

quel peccator forbendola ai capelli

del capo ch’avea di retro guasto…

“…he lifted the mouth from the fiery food

the sinner cleaning it to the hair of the head

he was eating from behind…

He was condemned to eat the body of his son for eternity…

“.. poi piu’ che la pieta’ pote’ il digiuno …”

“… after that more than piety counted hunger …”

After the collapse of Pisa Livorno was bought by Florence in 1421 and from that date begins the history of Livorno as a port and as a city. The contract with which Livorno was bought from Pisa is also one of the last initiatives of Florence as a Republic dominated by the Albizzi, then the Medici’s came back and were in control.

Cosimo il Vecchio, Lorenzo il Magnifico, Alessandro, Cosimo I, Cosimo II, Ferdinando from 1430 to 1737 were all very keen in defending Livorno and in building the port as the most important commercial outlet of the Signoria. Wool, textiles, grains, coral, timber, minerals, fish were the main items arriving and leaving Tuscany from Livorno.

Checking the various edicts and bans there is one recurrent initiative: in the effort to increase the population and to call entrepreneurs, shippers, merchants, caulkers, ship chandlers, master carpenters, riggers and ropemakers, sailors and money dealers (bankers), the Dukes of Florence repeatedly granted protection, tax exemptions and asylum to the persecuted and to those who had “affairs” with Justice in their countries. It was also common practice to deport, red-necks, anarchists, suspected revolutionaries and generally undesired and lively subjects from Florence to Livorno.

Throughout its history the Florentine Signoria tried to grant the neutrality of Livorno: a port available at all times to all nations at war upon the condition that no hostility inside the Harbour was tolerated. The French, the Spaniards, the Dutch, the British and the Americans enjoyed the neutrality of Livorno for their fleets in the Mediterranean sea and that neutrality saved many lives in more than one occasion.

The Florentine Signoria was absolutely unscrupulous and also granted hospitality to privateers and pirates. In 1633 there were intensive talks between H.E. the Ambassador Niccolini assisted by the Colonel De Magistris and a group of 22 pirates seeking a honorable retreat from active seafaring. The result of the talks are not recorded but in November 1633 the Grand Duke Ferdinando II sold a certain number of “square bottoms” to a Livornese Pirate named Antonio Manfredini: they were quite possibly the ships that the Duke received from the Corsairs in exchange for the right to peacefully live in Livorno. It is anyway certain that privateering ships were regularly harbored and armed in Livorno and that the Signoria had stipulated the right to one third of the loot: terzo buscaino was the name. One third to the Captain, one third to the crew, one third to the Duke.

The Jews, persecuted throughout Europe, came in great numbers: even today Livorno has the strongest Jewish Community in Italy and most of the Italian Rabbis have been coming from this city. So came the Catholic English persecuted by the Crown (Henry Percy 9th Duke of Northumberland, Earl of Warwick was a refugee in 1621 just out of the Tower of London where he served 16 years as a suspect participant to the Gunpowder Plot), the Dutch Spanish and Portuguese persecuted by the Inquisition, Swiss money lenders, German merchants. Anyone who has some problem (affair as the edicts wrote with understandable elegance) with the Justice of their country was granted protection and asylum.

To appreciate the substance of these edicts one has to bear in mind that the Signoria dei Medici was not an enlightened regime. Their obedience to the various Popes (some of them Medicis and some of them even more influential because not Medicis) had to be constantly demonstrated and shown with zeal and, most of the time, outright bigotry (Cosimo III was particularly mean). The Jews in Florence and in all the cities of Tuscany could not marry Christians, could not employ Christians, could not live in the same house with Christians. Christian nurses where prohibited to breast feed Jewish babies. On several occasions the Signoria arrested Jews and turned them over to the Inquisition when the pope demanded that. 

Livorno enjoyed special freedom and privileges: the neutrality of the Port granted mooring to all the navies fighting in the Mediterranean, Livorno was a “freeport” for goods and merchandise and several tax exemptions were granted in order to promote the City and the trades settling there.

This explains why the population since the very beginning was a cosmopolitan population organized in “nazioni” or national communities.

It is easy to infer that the social profile of the Livorno population was from the very beginning of brilliant, certainly very intelligent, possibly slightly wicked refugees or persecuted subjects. The kind of people able to “carry through” initiatives and enterprises in the tough world of intercontinental trading and shipping. Daring to the limit of acceptable risk (sometimes beyond) and capable of “cutting” every soft corner in their path. Friends to friends, foes to foes.

It is my strong belief (and not only mine) that these peculiar origins are the matrix of the unique character of the present day population of Livorno. Individual freedom was and is held as the most important value to the limits of anarchism, the power of the Duke or Grand Duke or of the Government is continuously resented and challenged. Interference with local business is not tolerated. The exercise of command even if legitimate is considered almost an insult.

On the other hand solidarity (complicity) against any commanding institution is immediately granted.

The last episode of “cosmopolitan” experience in the history of Livorno is the presence of the USA military from 1944 to 1945 as “allies” and from 1945 on as NATO Southern Europe military personnel.

The co-existence of the anarcho-libertarian culture of Livorno with the Yankees of the US Army has not always been easy. It is a fact though that the two cultures did learn a lot from one another. Sometimes the easy and sometimes the hard way. The stories of the incredible number of jeeps, trucks, tires, spare parts that disappeared daily from the Tombolo storing facilities of the NATO/US military abound in Livorno are the background of the incredible success of the famous mercatino a market of navy/army surplus that is still today an attraction and a must in any visit to the city.

Among the stories that I like to tell about Livorno one is relatively recent (1984) and quite typical of the scapigliatura Livornese.

1984 was the centenary of Amedeo Modigliani’s birth (1884-1920) and great celebrations were staged in Livorno the city where he was born: exhibits, conferences, seminars. Three high school students bought a Black and Decker and managed to shape up a few stones as rough oblong human heads, big olive shaped eyes and long thin mouths. They threw the stones in one of the Fossi (Canals of the port system) and then spread the story that Amedeo Modigliani (the famous painter and sculptor) leaving Livorno to go to Paris in a fit of frustration against the ungrateful city dumped his sculptures in the Fosso. Sure enough the stones were retrieved and all the most important Italian art experts and critics published articles on the fantastic recovery of Modigliani’s sculptures. The Superintendent of Fine Arts in Livorno even organized a special exhibit of the stones that was an international success.

The boys, at that point felt ashamed by the ballooning story, eventually confessed the hoax, but nobody would believe them. It was only when they supplied the press with the pictures of themselves in the process of manufacturing the heads with the Black & Decker that the hoax was finally accepted as such. The embarrassment of the Italian art experts was total: some of them had the courage to insist supporting the idea that their opinion was more credible than the pictures. Some of them preferred a long silence. The story of the Teste di Modigliani is still great fun in Livorno and a good example of how you can do your own artwork, if you really want. Black & Decker ran pages of ads with the fake heads and with the obvious line: it’s unbelievable what you can do with a Black & Decker.

Knowing the mocking character of the Livornesi it should have been easy to pick up the hoax from the beginning, but apparently the excitement for the finding was overwhelming and suppressed any more sedate thinking.

The articles and the pictures published at the time from the beginning to the end of the teste di Modigliani story are a good example of the gullibility of some art critics and of their and arrogance as well. The catalogue of the exhibit is a rarity: if you find one, buy it, because it’s worth a fortune.

Livorno is today a blend of Tuscan mocking irony, of Yankee efficiency, of Jewish pragmatism, with a flair of grandeur Granducale, and a sting of anarchism.

Definitely worth a visit: not a dull city at all!

1247/1860 Chronology

1247 May 3rd Battle of Gorgona Pisa defeats Genoa

1284 Aug. 3rd Battle of Meloria Genoa defeats Pisa decline of Pisa as a Marine Power. Porto Pisano is abandoned by the Signoria also because they did not trust the Pisani to the point of leaving the fleet in their hands.

1431-1434 1st Repubblica Fiorentina (Albizzi Family)

1421 Florence buys Livorno from Pisa the Albizzi start the construction of the Port of Livorno (600 – 800 inhabitants)

1434 -1464 Cosimo the Elder (Pater Patriae) founder of the Signoria di Firenze 

1464 -1492 Lorenzo the Magnificent

1492 – 1530 Charles the VIII Italian Expedition the Medicis are ousted 2nd Repubblica Fiorentina (Pier Capponi)

1530 -1537 Alessandro illegitimate son of Pope Clement VII (Giulio de Medici)

1537 – 1574 Cosimo I (son of Giovanni dalle Bande Nere) First Grand Duke of Tuscany

1574 -1587 Francesco I Second Grand Duke of Tuscany (father of Mary Queen of France)

1587 – 1609 Ferdinando I Third Grand Duke of Tuscany (5,000 inhabitants)

1609 – 1621 Cosimo II (completion of the Medicean Port) (9,475 inhabitants)

1621 – 1670 Ferdinando II Fourth Grand Duke of Tuscany (17,300 inhabitants)

1629 – 1645 Important infrastructure works completed by Ferdinando II in Livorno: the San Marco and Venezia sections built and important Harbour equipment (storing facilities, docks).

1630 first devastating plague

1666 second devastating plague

1670 – 1723 Cosimo III Fifth Grand Duke of Tuscany (20,654 inhabitants)

1723 – 1737 Giangastone Sixth Grand Duke of Tuscany (28,000 inhabitants)

End of the Medici’s Family rule and beginning of the Lorraine

1737 – 1765 Francis II of Lorraine (40,688 inhabitants)

1765 – 1790 Pietro Leopoldo (1789 French Revolution)

1791 – 1801 Ferdinando III French-British hostilities

1801 end of the Lorraine begins the rule of the Bourbons (Spain)

1801 – 1803 Ludovico I di Borbone Grand Duke of Tuscany

1803 – 1814 Carlo Ludovico di Borbone (Maria Luisa Regent)

1808 – 1814 Napoleon rules Italy (50,671 inhabitants)

1814 Napoleon defeated leaves Italy (46,630 inhabitants)

1815 100 days of Napoleon comeback

1815 Napoleon defeated at Waterloo on June 1st and exiled

1814 – 1834 restoration of Ferdinando III Lorraine

1834 – 1859 Leopoldo II Lorraine (92,458 inhabitants)

1859 Leopoldo II leaves Tuscany (April 27 1859) 

1859 Temporary Government of Tuscany

1860 Tuscany is annexed to the Kingdom of Italy

Aknowledgement: documentation, pictures and data were kindly supplied by the courtesy of Dr. Paolo Castignoli, Direttore dell’Archivio Storico Citta’ di Livorno.

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LA MISSIONE DI SALVINI A MOSCA

Il “capo”

Cosa va a fare Salvini a Mosca? 

Va a fare altre promesse al “capo” tipo quelle anticipate da Savoini al Metropol il 18 Ottobre 2018: una politica estera italiana filo-Russia, cancellazione delle “sanzioni”, trattati commerciali privilegiati, interventi pesanti su Bruxelles per orientare in modo analogo l’atteggiamento dell’Europa verso la Russia di Putin etc…..”quando sarà Primo Ministro”.

Cioè dal 2023 in poi.

Cosa chiede in cambio? 

Una cosa qualunque che possa essere venduta come “successo negoziale” rispetto alla guerra in Ukraina. Un finto armistizio,  una finta tregua, un finto colloquio fra le parti, Salvini strombazzerà sui talk show italiani per raccattare i voti dei pochi babbei che gli crederanno.

Salvini ha un disperato bisogno di guadagnare i consensi che ha perso con le coglionerie che ha fatto nell’ultimo anno e che gli sono costate il posto di primo partito italiano e primo partito della destra in Italia e deve fare capire a Putin che dopo la catastrofe Ukraina è anche interesse di Putin che Salvini recuperi il posto perduto nelle intenzioni di voto degli italiani.

Ecco la scelta di fronte a Putin: 

  1. perdere un po’ di faccia nel suo “status” di nuovo Czar di tutte le Russie e far guadagnare un po’ di faccia  a Salvini nel panorama elettorale italiano, 
  2. oppure mantenere la sua linea di celodurista a oltranza mandando al macello un’altra decina di migliaia di giovani russi per il suo “Ruskimir” e qualche migliaio di cittadini ukraini (soldati, vecchi, donne e bambini).

Cosa farà?  Semplice: darà a Salvini  un piatto di merda e continuerà a massacrare a decine di migliaia i suoi giovani russi e le migliaia di ukraini civili e non.

Salvini tornerà in Italia vendendo il piatto di merda come prelibato filetto ai ferri su tutti i tokscio che avranno lo stomaco di ospitarlo insieme agli schiavi della propaganda di Putin. Una buona percentuale di Italiani gli crederà come hanno creduto finora a tutte le coglionerie che ha detto e fatto.

Nel 2023 avremo il governo di Salvini che riscontrerà le promesse fatte a Putin: l’anteprima l’ha data il ministro Lavrov alla TV gentilmente offerta da Berlusconi due sere fa.

L’Italia è ufficialmente entrata nella fase  detta della “soumission”.

Lorenzo Matteoli

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Assolutamente da leggere

Ricolfi di oggi sulla Repubblica Putin va fermato non punito

analisi fondamentale: rigorosa saggia pragmatica la politica prima di tutto.

lorenzo matteoli

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UN PROGRAMMA PER MARIO DRAGHI

Riferendosi ai fischi a Letta (servo della Nato) nei cortei del 25 Aprile Stefano Folli, certo non un estremista radicale, scrive (La Repubblica 26 Aprile):

“Non è folclore …Si tratta invece di fatti gravi proprio perché la comunità occidentale sta forse entrando in una stagione che potrebbe essere lunga e piena di ombre. Una stagione che metterà alla prova la tenuta del patto democratico. Che spiega la preoccupazione di Mattarella. È una sfida che chiama in causa la responsabilità di tutti: in particolare nell’ambito del centrosinistra interpella il PD di Letta. Qualcuno pensa che i fischi del 25 Aprile abbiano incrinato la prospettiva del “campo largo”. È un’ipotesi intrisa di pessimismo….”

I fischi sono la punta di un iceberg che fa paura come dimostra il 42% dei voti a Le Pen, e il 50% dell’elettorato italiano diviso fra Lega e Fratelli d’Italia e altri cespugli neri.

Per non contare il caravanserraglio dei 5Stelle che contiene, fra tutte le sciocchezze, e bambinate anche una frangia quantitativamente sconosciuta di “putinisti” senza collare, che hanno comunque un più pericoloso che ambiguo referente nel loro pseudo presidente avvocato Conte. Il comportamento del quale solo eufemisticamente è ambiguo perché nel reale politico è a tutti gli effetti criminale.

Tradotto in previsione realistica e pragmatica: fatte salve svolte epocali e drammatiche alle prossime elezioni (2023) usciremo con un governo Salvini/Meloni e l’appoggio ambiguo di Conte, alleato di Putin, Orban & C.

Fuori dall’Europa, pronti alla bancarotta dell’uscita dall’Euro.

Se potessi dare un consiglio a Letta: denunci senza riserve lo squallore dell’avvocato Conte e provochi la scissione di chiarimento della feccia politica che lo segue. L’unica cosa che può risultare dalla associazione con Conte è il contagio con la pestilenza etico/ideologica della quale è portatore.

Mi sono chiesto più volte come sia stato possibile che nel giro di due generazioni dal conglomerato DC/PCI degli anni 1970 sia nata la scivolosa palude fascista, reazionaria, populista, puerilista, arrogante e ignorante sintetizzabile nelle sigle della Lega, di FdI, dei 5Stelle (linea filo putinista Petrocelli, linea rivoluzionaria Di Battista et al.).

Qualcosa chiaramente è mancato al dialogo/dibattito politico italiano degli ultimi 50 anni:  c’è stato solo l’esempio della guerra per bande di piccoli e grandi “ego” dei superintelligenti alla Dalema all’interno del vecchio PCI (PDS PD) e della grande famiglia di occupatori di poltrone cattoqualunqui della DC. 

Da lì deve partire l’analisi che io non voglio fare.

Mi interessa di più capire cosa si deve fare ora per riqualificare il deserto culturale ideologico del caravanserraglio Grilloleghista, Fratelli e fasci vari: un bubbone di milioni di voti di gente che pensa che Putin sia un monumento del nuovo ordine Europeo e Orban, Le Pen/Salvini/Conte/Petrocelli i suoi profeti.

Pronti a governare l’Europa con lo stile con il quale vorrebbero governare l’Ukraina dopo aver massacrato, stuprato, torturato metà della sua popolazione con un esercito di terroristi di stato, in una guerra che resterà tra gli annali della barbarie postsovietica per secoli.

Guerra che Conte e Salvini ipocritamente e silenziosamente hanno approvato con il loro pacifismo sanguinario.

Un programma e un compito difficile, ma preciso per Macron, Draghi, Ursula von der Leyen.

Bisogna ricostruire il sogno dell’Europa di Federico II Hohenstaufen, Erasmo da Rotterdam, di Altiero Spinelli, Ernesto Rossi, Eugenio Colorni, Ursula Hirshmann, Alcide Degasperi, Marco Pannella, Jean Monnet, Robert Shumann, Paul Henry Spaak, Konrad Adenauer, …unita, libera, socialdemocratica, laica.

Lorenzo Matteoli

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